If a Pregnant woman is reading this, I wish you a safe and happy pregnancy and delivery.
Hi, guys today we will talk about the triple marker test as we all know to determine a healthy
pregnancy, a pregnant woman should undergo a lot of test and scanning, and triple marker the test is one of them. So what is the triple marker test?
What is triple marker test?
Triple marker test is also known as the triple test, multiple marker scanning, multiple marker
test, AFS plus. This test is performed at the 15th and18th weeks of pregnancy to check genetic
disorders in the unborn babies.
A pregnant women’s blood sample is collected to check hCG, estrogen,
and AFP in the blood, this is collected to determine any abnormalities in the fetus.
What does the triple marker test do?
Triple marker test requires blood samples of pregnant women to check AFF, hCG, estrogen.
AFG – alpha-fetoprotein (AFG) Is a protein produced by the fetus. High level of alpha-fetoprotein
in blood indicates potential defects like neural tube defects.
HCG – human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta( it is an
endocrine gland which secret HCG.) HCG is detected in a pregnant woman’s urine then
Pregnancy will be confirmed.
A high level of this hormone indicates Molar Pregnancy, multiple
Pregnancy like two babies, whereas a low level indicates potential problems like miscarriage
or ectopic pregnancy.
Estrogen – and estrogen comes from both the placenta and fetus. And the low level of estrogen may
indicate down syndrome in the baby.
This test is usually performed to check any potential defects in the unborn baby. And to
check the risk of down syndrome.
Why the triple marker test performed?
- To check the HCG level.
- To check AFG.
- it’s performed to check the estrogen.
- Performed to check any potential defects.
- Performed to check the risk of down syndrome.
- To check the mental health of the unborn babies.
is the triple marker test compulsory?
The triple marker test is ideally done for all pregnant women. Every Pregnant woman should
consider triple marker test to check if her baby is healthy and not at risk of down syndrome.
Government hospitals can’t effort to provide this test for free. And this test strongly
recommend pregnant women who are above 35 years.
cost of triple marker test
The cost of a triple marker test is 1200 to 4000INR and it varies from city to city and from hospital
A triple marker test is recommended and it’s very important to determine the hCG estrogen
and FPA. And it’s a little costly and the government can’t effort it.
Who should consider taking this test?
- This test is recommended for people who are
- If a woman haves a history of family birth defects.
- Those who are above 35 years.
- For those who gave diabetes and takes insulin.
Triple marker test report analysis
Triple marker test is also known as a triple marker or triple test is taken to check the three
things that are AFP, estrogen, HCG, and to analyze the report of triple marker test we need to
consider the level of AFP, estrogen, HCG.
Triple test normal values AFP are ranging from 1.38 to 187.00 IU/ml,hCG will be ranging from 1.06 to 315 ng/ml, estrogen will be ranging from 0.25 to 28.5 nmol/l.
Triple marker test negative
Negative triple maker test means that your fetus is at low risk of developing birth defects,
low risk of neural tube defects, down syndrome, and indicates a healthy baby. And it’s not
guaranty a healthy baby.
triple marker test results positive
The positive triple marker test indicates that your fetus is at risk of developing birth defects and
neural tube defects, and Down syndrome and indicates a potential birth defect.
Reasons for the triple marker test
- Helps to detect the fetus tube defects.
- Helps to check the hCG level in the Pregnant woman.
- To check the estrogen level in the Pregnant woman.
- It checks the AFP level in the Pregnant woman.
- To check the risk of down syndrome.
- To detect birth defects.
- If Pregnant women have a history of family birth defects.
- This test helps to detect other abnormalities of the unborn baby.
This test helps to detect birth defects also helps to detect multiple Pregnancy like two
babies. It also helps in finding the risk of down syndrome. If the test is negative parents can be
likely to have a healthy baby.
There are no side effects of the triple marker test to a baby or to mother. Triple marker test is
completely safe for any Pregnant woman in 14 to 18th week. Feel free and always ask the doctor
to change the syringe before collecting your blood samples.
Preparation for double marker test
There are no restrictions for drinking and eating before the triple marker test in Pregnancy.
And it’s not like you should be taking this test on an empty stomach. A pregnant woman can take
triple marker test at any time.
Risk in a triple marker test
There is no risk allowed in the triple marker test. Always ask the doctor to change the syringe before
taking blood samples for safety precaution.
The procedure of triple marker test
Triple marker test is done as like other blood test are done. The doctor will remove blood from
your body for blood samples for tests. The doctor may ask you to extend your hand to remove
blood from your vein.
After removing the blood from your vein they will send your blood samples to the lab and
Biochemists will evaluate blood samples to send the report to the doctor.
Interpretation of the triple marker test
Triple marker test shows how your baby is in your womb whether your baby haves a risk of
down syndrome and other defects. However, results depend on these factors that are :
- Age of Pregnant woman
- Whether she haves diabetes or takes insulin.
- Whether she is expecting single or double Babies.
- Depends on if her family has a history of family birth defects.
- Pregnant woman weight.
Comparison of tests
Triple marker test or quadruple test
Both tests are performed to check birth defects in the unborn baby. Triple marker test is a
blood test performed to check hCG estrogen and FPA in the blood of a pregnant
woman. Where Quadruple blood test is performed to check the inhibin A, hCG, estrogen, FPA, in the
Triple marker test or double marker test
Both tests are performed to check any birth defects and fetus tube defects. A double
marker test is performed to check hCG and PAPP-A in the blood where the triple marker test can
check hCG estrogen and FPA in blood.
Triple marker test Vs nipt
Triple marker test is performed to check hCG estrogen and FPA in the Pregnant woman
performed to check any potential defects in the unborn baby. Where nipt check cfDNA from
the placenta, nipt is often performed to look for chromosomal disorders, like down
syndrome, Edwards syndrome, PCD, and other rare trisomies.
Triple marker test Vs nt scan
Nt (Nuchal Translucency) scan is an ultrasound that is prescribed to detect the
chromosomal abnormality with down syndrome. Performed when you are 11 to 14 weeks
pregnant. the triple marker test detects the level of estrogen hCG and FPA. And it’s a blood
and screening test.
What is the triple marker test?
The triple marker test is a blood and screening test. Done in 15th to 18th week of pregnancy, to
check the level of AFP, hCG, and estrogen, this test is considered to check potential defects
in the unborn babies and to check the risk of down syndrome.
What is the triple marker test in Hindi?
ट्रिपल मार्कर टेस्ट ब्लड और स्क्रीनिंग टेस्ट है। गर्भावस्था के 15 वें से 18 वें सप्ताह में, एएफपी, एचसीजी और एस्ट्रोजेन के स्तर की जांच करने के लिए, इस परीक्षण को अजन्मे बच्चे में संभावित दोषों की जांच करने और डाउन सिंड्रोम के जोखिम की जांच करने के लिए माना जाता है
tripal maarkar test blad aur skreening test hai. garbhaavastha ke 15 ven se 18 ven saptaah
mein, eephapee, echaseejee aur estrojen ke star kee jaanch karane ke lie, is pareekshan ko
ajanme bachche mein sambhaavit doshon kee jaanch karane aur daun sindrom ke jokhim
kee jaanch karane ke lie maana jaata hai.
What does the triple marker test cost?
Triple marker test vary from city to city, from hospital to hospital and it may vary from 1200
to 4000INR. and the government can’t effort to provide this test for free.
What does the triple marker test indicate?
Triple marker test performed to check the level of AFP hCG estrogen in the blood and high-level AFP indicates the certain risk of birth defects, such as neural tube defects.
Why the triple marker test is done?
A triple marker test is done to check the level of AFP hCG and estrogen in the Pregnant
woman. To check whether the baby is at risk of down syndrome, neural tube defects, or certain
potential defects in the unborn baby.
When the triple marker test is done?
Triple marker test is done in the 15th to 18th weeks of pregnancy.
Is the triple marker test done Empty stomach?
No, there is no eating or drinking restrictions in this test. This test can be done at any time
between 15th to 20 weeks of pregnancy.
How to read the triple marker test report?
You should check the three important things that are AFP, hCG, and estrogen. high-level AFP
indicates a certain risk of birth defects, such as neural tube defects.
Parents who receive negative report results are no need to worry and talk to the doctor what
should be done next, while people who receive abnormal results are recommended to
consult with a doctor and your doctor may suggest taking a deep ultrasound for further
confirmation and if your reports indicate a high level of AFP, your doctor more likely to order
a deep ultrasound to examine factual skull and spine for neural tube defects.